Israeli Salinas Caminos
Cebu Technological University- San Francisco Campus


Physical fitness enthusiasts have to allow every student to be more engaged in any learning activities. Proper and effective fitness exercises, appropriate resources and equipment for active learning, and health promotion are recommended.  Based on the needs of students and competencies in Physical education, physical fitness exercises were designed. Some of them are the curl-ups, pulling down with weights, agility drills, punching, biceps curling, and other variations. This led to the designing of alternative resources like the wooden inclined bench, wooden lats pull-down, stone weights, bamboo agility ladder, bamboo gripper, sawdust, and sand punching bag, and dumbbells, which are all made from the local materials available, such as; cut woods, log, sand (bas), bamboo sticks, bamboo slots (lipak), bamboo poles, empty sack, rope, sawdust (ginabas), empty bottles, plywood cuttings, banana barks (bani sa saging), abaca rope, tin cans, mats (banig), empty gallon, used maong pants, and empty sacks of flour. The strengths and weaknesses of the resources were validated when students use them. It was found out that these resources made from local materials are good alternatives to using in fitness exercises. The alternative resources are breakthroughs to carry out the competencies in Physical Education 1 for active learning engagement. These are good alternatives in carrying out the performance of physical education exercises.

How to Cite
CAMINOS, Israeli Salinas. USE OF LOCAL MATERIALS AS ALTERNATIVE RESOURCES IN TEACHING PHYSICAL. Journal of Agriculture and Technology Management, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 1, p. 5-11, dec. 2019. ISSN 2599-4980. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 07 mar. 2021.